Acne is a common skin disease that causes outbreaks of skin lesions commonly called pimples. Acne spots occur mostly on the face, back, neck, shoulders, and chest. Most people can get acne, but it is common in young adults and teenagers. It is not a serious problem, but it can cause scars.
Types of Acne Spots
It most commonly develops on the:
On a face, it causes spots and oily skin
Acne causes six main types of the spot :
Whiteheads: Pimples under the surface of the skin.
Blackheads: Black pimples that rise to the skin’s surface.
Papules: Small pink bumps that can be soft.
Pustules: Pimples red at the bottom and have pus on top.
Nodules: Pimples that are deep in the skin (large, painful, and solid).
Cysts: Deep, Pus-filled, painful pimples that can cause scars.
Causes of acne spots
Doctors don’t know what causes acne. Doctors think certain
things play a part:
Changing hormone levels.
Wearing greasy makeup.
Taking certain medicines.
There are many myths about what causes acne. Dirty skin and
stress do not cause acne. Also, in most people, chocolate and greasy foods do
not cause acne.
Many people who have acne, some things can make acne worse:
Hard scrubbing of the skin.
Bike helmets pressure, tight collars, or backpacks.
High humidity and Pollution.
Picking or Squeezing at pimples.
People commonly affected by acne
It is most common in:
Girls aged between 14 and 17
Boys aged between 16 to 19
Some people have acne for several years (On or off) before
their symptoms start to improve as they get older. When a person is in their
mid-twenties, Acne often disappears.
In many cases, acne can remain into adult life
Acne Treatments At Home
If you have acne, the home treatments below may be useful:
Don’t wash acne-affected areas of skin more than twice a day (frequent washing can irritate the skin and make symptoms worse)
Wash the affected area with a mild soap or cleanser and lukewarm water ( very hot or cold water can make acne worse)
Never try to clean out blackheads or squeeze spots (this can make them worse and cause permanent scarring)
don’t use too much make-up and cosmetic – use water-based products, non-comedogenic (Product is less likely to block the pores in your skin)
Completely remove make-up before going to bed
Use a fragrance-free, water-based emollient if you have dry skin
Regular exercise can’t improve your acne, but it can boost your mood and improve your self-esteem. Once you finish exercising, take a shower as soon as possible. As sweat can irritate your acne
Wash hair regularly, and try to avoid letting your hair fall across your face
It can’t be cured but can be controlled with treatment. Over-the-counter or prescription drugs may treat acne by healing pimples, preventing scars and stopping new pimples from forming. Some medications are applied to the skin, while others are pills that you swallow.
Can birth control pills help treat acne?
Some birth control pills can help to treat acne. Research shows that birth control pills can clear acne. These pills slow down overactive oil glands in the skin. Sometimes, in adult females, birth control pills are used along with a drug called spironolactone to treat acne.
This medication lowers levels of the hormone androgen in the body. Androgen stimulates the skin’s oil glands. Side effects of these drugs are a headache, irregular menstruation, breast tenderness, and fatigue. Spironolactone is not a suitable therapy for all patients.
How is mild acne treated?
There are many treatments for mild acne. Mild acne can consist of blackheads, whiteheads, and small pustules. At home, wash your face twice per day with warm water and soap or a gentle cleanser.
Your doctor may also suggest you apply a lotion or cream on the skin. These medicines may make skin dry if you use them too much. Be sure to follow the directions.
If these treatments don’t work, your doctor may prescribe a lotion or cream with benzoyl peroxide, resorcinol, sulfur, and salicylic acid.
Benzoyl peroxide reduces oil made by the glands.
Salicylic acid, Resorcinol, and sulfur help
breakdown blackheads, and whiteheads.
If your acne does not get better after 6 to 8 weeks, talk
with your doctor about changing your treatment.