What Causes Lower Back Pain And How To Treat

Back Pain

Have you back pain, you are not alone. Lower back pain is a common problem that many people are experiencing. Lower back pain is particularly common, although it can feel anywhere along the spine, from the neck down to the hips.

What causes lower back pain
Lower Back Pain

In many people, it comes on quickly. It is called acute back pain, but then improves or goes away within 3 to 6 weeks. However, it is common for it to come back, with some people going on to develop more persistent pain that lasts for more than three months.

it can have a certain impact on all aspects of life including family life, work, daily activities, recreation, and social activities. In most cases, it does not cause anything serious and will usually get better over time.

Causes of back pain

Often it’s difficult to identify the cause of it. Because of this, it is called non-specific back pain.

Most people don’t have any significant damage to their spine. It comes from the muscles, joints, and ligaments.

Most common causes of back pain are:

  • Lifting heavy weight or repetitive
  • Sudden tricky movement
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Poor posture
  • Obesity
  • Stress, muscle tension.

Some health conditions such as:

  • Arthritis
  • Sciatica
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Osteoporosis.

There are also a number of things that can make it more likely that it will become persistent, such as:

  • Already living with negative beliefs about your chances of recovery
  • living with depression or anxiety
  • Workrelated issues.

In some people, a serious condition causes back problems such as inflammatory problems, infection, cancer, fracture, or compression of the nerves in the spine. However, this is rare.

Symptoms of back pain

It may experiences anywhere along the spine from the neck to the buttocks. In some cases, it may also feel in one or both legs.

  • While you’re experiencing it, it’s common to be a bit restricted in daily activities such as lifting, bending, walking, and sitting.
  • Back it may limit movements of your torso. There may be tenderness when pressure applies to the joints of the spine.
  • Reduce reflexes, sensation, and strength, in your legs, can be a sign of nerve compression.
  • For people with it, It is common to feel distressed about their recovery.
  • People with it can develop a fear of movement and activity, worrying that it will make things worse or increase their pain.
  • Living with it may also lead to mood issues, such as frustration, irritability, depression, and anxiety.

Preventing Back Pain

Preventing it is difficult, but these tips may help reduce your risk:

  • Do regular back exercises and stay active
  • Avoid sitting for too long
  • Take care when lifting the weight
  • Check your posture when sitting
  • Ensure the mattress on your bed supports you properly
  • Lose weight through a combination of a healthy diet and regular exercise if you’re obese.

Diagnoses

Your doctor will:

Ask about it, including:

  • Potential causes
  • Type of pain eg. Burning or stabbing pain
  • The pain radiates eg. Moves into your legs
  • Whether you had back pain before
  • Things that make your pain worse
  • The things that make it better
  • Conduct a thorough physical exam.

Your doctor may refer you for some tests if he thinks there may be a more serious cause for your back pain.

However, in most cases of it, x-rays, CT or MRI scans are not useful and is not recommended. Unnecessary tests can be expensive, and some scans involve exposure to radiation that is better avoided if the results will not help with your treatment.

A thorough examination by the doctor will decide whether more investigations will be helpful in developing a treatment plan that is right for you. It may be pointed out that many investigations show changes to your spine that are likely to represent the normal passage of time, not damage to your spine.

Treatments

Most people recover rapidly from it. By using the counter pain relievers and staying active will help lessen it.

There is also proof to suggest that, as part of staying active, people with it should make efforts to remain at work. By working together with your team, you are more likely to recover and avoid the problems that are associated with long periods of time off work.

For more constant back pain, effective treatments are:

  • Supervised exercise therapy with a qualified health professional
  • CBT (cognitive behavior therapy) this involves working with a mental health professional in order to change unhealthy habits of thinking, feeling, and behaving
  • Multidisciplinary pain management involving a team of specialist pain physicians, physiotherapists, occupational therapists and psychologists 
  • Some medications

Surgery rarely needs for it unless a more serious issue is causing your back pain.  

Self-management

Almost every person suffers from it at some stage in their lives. Most people recover rapidly with no treatment. The best medicine for it is staying active and at work whenever possible, as well as remaining positive about recovery.

Even in people with persistent back pain, the most effective treatments involve things you can do yourself, such as:

  • Learn more about your back pain ie. What makes it painful and what makes it better?
  • Do the exercise as much as possible. Talk with an exercise physiologist if you need specific advice for your situation.
  • Manage your stress
  • Lose your weight to lessen the strain on your back
  • Get up and move if you have been sitting or standing in one position for a period of time.
  • Stay involved in your social activities because social connections are very important to recovery.
  • Quit smoking: smoking increases your chances of back pain
  • Aim to stay at work, on restricted duties if required, and developing a plan with your employer to return to your full work. Your doctor can help you with information about how to stay at work
  • Lift and carry safely: if you are lifting a heavy load, squat down, hold the object as close to your body as practical and lift by using your legs. Always keep your back straight. Use equipment (trolley) or Get some help from another person if the load is heavy to manage comfortably on your own
  • Relax: Learn about some relaxation techniques to reduce stress levels and related muscle tension.
  • Being aware of your posture. 

Sources:

1. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/back-pain/

2 https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/Back-pain


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