Migraine Types: Causes, Diagnosis,Symptoms,Treatment

In this article, you will read migraine types. What causes migraine? How to diagnosis and treatments.

Migraine Meaning

Migraine is a medical condition; it is a recurring type of headache. This headache is usually an intense, throbbing pain on one, or sometimes, both sides of the head.

migraine types
Migraine Types

Migraines can experience from as little as once or twice a year, or as often as 2 or 3 times a week. A migraine attack can last from 4 hours to 3 days. It associates with a spasm of the blood vessels leading to the brain.

Migraines affect around one in every five women and around one in every 18 men. They usually begin in early adulthood.

What causes migraines?

Researchers believe that migraine has a genetic cause. The number of factors that can cause a migraine, including:

  • Stress
  • Diet – Citrus fruits, cheese, chocolate, and alcohol
  • Anxiety
  • Sleep – too little or too much
  • Menstrual cycle
  • Excessive heat, light, noise or certain chemicals
  • Hormonal changes in women
  • Bright or flashing lights
  • Loud noises
  • Strong smells
  • Medicines
  • Sudden changes in the weather or environment
  • Too much physical activity
  • Tobacco
  • Caffeine or caffeine withdrawal
  • Skipped meals
  • Taking medicine for migraines too often

Symptoms of a migraine

The main symptom of a migraine is usually one side intense headache.

The pain is usually severe throbbing sensation. Sensation gets worse when we move. It can prevent you from carrying out normal activities.

In some cases, the pain can occur on both sides of your head and may affect your face or neck.

Additional symptoms

Other symptoms commonly associated with migraine include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light and sound – Because of this many people with migraine want to rest in a quiet, dark room.
  • Sweating
  • Poor concentration,
  • Feeling very hot or very cold
  • Stomach pain
  • Diarrhea

The migraine symptoms usually last between for 4 hours and 3 days.

Symptoms of aura

About one in 3 people have temporary warning symptoms, are called as an aura, before a migraine. These include:

  • Visual problems (seeing blind spots, flashing lights)
  • Tingling sensation like pins and needles (usually starts in one hand and moves up your arm before affecting your face, lips, and tongue)
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Loss of consciousness

Some people may experience an aura followed by only a mild headache or no headache at all.

Migraine Types

Several migraine types are:

  • Migraine without aura  (migraine occurs without the specific warning signs)
  • Migraine with aura (specific warning signs, just before the migraine begins)
  • Aura without headache is also called as silent migraine (an aura or other migraine symptoms are experienced, but a headache doesn’t develop).

Some people have migraines up to several times a week. Other people only have migraine infrequently. It is possible for months or years to pass between migraine attacks.

Migraine diagnosis

To make a diagnosis, your doctor will

  • Take your medical history
  • Ask about your symptoms
  • Do a physical and neurological exam

An important part of diagnosis is to rule out other medical conditions which could be causing the symptoms. So the doctor may also perform blood tests, an MRI or CT scan.

Treatment of migraine

There is no cure for migraine. But treatments can help reduce the number of attacks.

The 4 treatment options available to migraine sufferers include:

  1. Avoiding the trigger factors. (This can be difficult since migraines are often triggered by a combination of factors)
  2. Medication. (pain-relieving medication and medication to alter the pressure on blood vessels)
  3. Preventative treatment. (medication is taken on a daily basis to reduce the number of attacks)
  4. Nonmedication therapies. (acupuncture, biofeedback, goggles, hypnotherapy, exclusion diets, relaxation, yoga, meditation, herbal or homeopathic remedies).

In the past, pethidine was used to treat migraine. However, pethidine is a highly addictive medication and far more effective treatments are now available. Consult your doctor or a neurologist about the best treatment for your migraines.

Preventing migraines Types

If you suspect stress or a certain type of food is causing your migraines. Avoiding this trigger may help you to reduce the risk of experiencing migraines.

It may also help to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including:

  • Regular exercise, meals, and sleep
  • Staying hydrated
  • Limiting your intake of alcohol and caffeine

Your doctor may prescribe medication to help prevent migraine attacks if:

  • your migraines are severe
  • you tried avoiding possible triggers and are still experiencing symptoms

It may take several weeks before your migraine symptoms begin to improve after starting preventative medication.

Conclusion

Migraines can severely affect your quality of life. They can stop your normal daily activities. Some people find they need to stay in bed for days at a time.

Many effective treatments are available to reduce the symptoms and prevent the attacks of migraine.

Sometimes Migraine attacks can get worse over time. But research has suggested, for up to four in every five people suffering migraines. They will tend to gradually improve, or stop completely over several years. For one in five, they may get worse.

Sources:

https://medlineplus.gov/migraine.html

https://www.nidirect.gov.uk/conditions/migraine

https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/headache-migraine


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Migraine Types
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Migraine Types
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Migraine Types are • Migraine without aura (migraine occurs without the specific warning signs) • Migraine with aura (specific warning signs, just before the migraine begins) • Migraine aura without headache is also called as silent migraine (an aura or other migraine symptoms are experienced, but a headache doesn't develop).
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